AskDefine | Define pumice

Dictionary Definition

pumice n : a light glass formed on the surface of some lavas; used as an abrasive [syn: pumice stone]

User Contributed Dictionary

English

Etymology

From pūmice, the ablative of pūmex "a pumice stone"

Noun

  1. A light, porous type of pyroclastic igneous rock, formed during explosive volcanic eruptions when liquid lava is ejected into the air as a froth containing masses of gas bubbles. As the lava solidifies, the bubbles are frozen into the rock.

Translations

Quotations

  • 1912, Katherine Mansfield, The Woman at the Store, Oxford World's Classics 2002, page 10
    The wind blew close to the ground - it rooted among the tussock grass - slithered along the road, so that the white pumice dust swirled in our faces - settled and sifted over us and was like a dry-skin itching for growth on our bodies.

See also

Latin

Noun

pūmice or

Extensive Definition

Pumice is a textural term for a volcanic rock that is a solidified frothy lava composed of highly microvesicular glass pyroclastic with very thin, translucent bubble walls of extrusive igneous rock. It is commonly, but not exclusively of silicic or felsic to intermediate in composition (e.g. rhyolitic, dacitic, andesite, pantellerite, phonolite, trachyte), but occurrences of basaltic and other compositions are known. Pumice is commonly pale in color, ranging from white, cream, blue or grey, but can be green brown or black. It forms when gases exsolving from viscous magma nucleate bubbles which cannot readily decouple from the viscous magma prior to chilling to glass. Pumice is a common product of explosive eruptions (plinian and ignimbrite-forming) and commonly forms zones in upper parts of silicic lavas. Pumice has an average porosity of 90%, and initially floats on water. Scoria differs from pumice in being denser, with larger vesicles and thicker vesicle walls; it sinks rapidly. The difference is the result of the lower viscosity of the magma that formed scoria. When larger amounts of gas are present, the result is a finer-grained variety of pumice known as pumicite. Pumice is considered a glass because it has no crystal structure. Pumice varies in density according to the thickness of the solid material between the bubbles; many samples float in water. After the explosion of Krakatoa, rafts of pumice drifted through the Pacific Ocean for up to 20 years, with tree trunks floating among them. In fact, pumice rafts disperse and support several marine species. In 1979, 1984 and 2006, underwater volcanic eruptions near Tonga created large pumice rafts, some as large as 30 km that floated hundreds of miles to Fiji.
There are two main forms of vesicles. Most pumice contains tubular microvesicles that can impart a silky or fibrous fabric. The elongation of the microvesicles occurs due to ductile elongation in the volcanic conduit or, in the case of pumiceous lavas, during flow. The other form of vesicles are subspherical to spherical and result from high vapour pressure during eruption.

Uses

Pumice is widely used to make lightweight concrete or insulative low-density 'breeze-block' type bricks. When used as an additive for cement, a fine-grained version of pumice called pozzolan is mixed with lime to form a light-weight, smooth, plaster-like concrete. This form of concrete was used as far back as Roman times.
It is also used as an abrasive, especially in polishes, pencil erasers, cosmetic exfoliants, and to produce stone-washed jeans. "Pumice stones" are often used in salons during the pedicure process to remove dry and excess skin from the bottom of the foot as well as calluses. Finely ground pumice is added to some toothpastes and heavy-duty hand cleaners as a mild abrasive. Perhaps the most famous product advertised to contain pumice is Lava soap. It is a heavy-duty hand soap, sold in both bar and liquid form, for cleaning deep into the finger prints.

See also

References

External links

pumice in Bulgarian: Пемза
pumice in Catalan: Pumicita
pumice in Czech: Pemza
pumice in Danish: Pimpsten
pumice in German: Bims
pumice in Estonian: Pimss
pumice in Spanish: Pumita
pumice in Esperanto: Pumiko
pumice in Basque: Pumita
pumice in French: Ponce
pumice in Indonesian: Batu apung
pumice in Icelandic: Vikur
pumice in Italian: Pomice
pumice in Hebrew: פומיס
pumice in Dutch: Puimsteen
pumice in Japanese: 軽石
pumice in Norwegian: Pimpstein
pumice in Polish: Pumeks
pumice in Portuguese: Pedra-pomes
pumice in Russian: Пемза
pumice in Sicilian: Petra pùmici
pumice in Slovak: Pemza
pumice in Serbian: Пемза
pumice in Finnish: Hohkakivi
pumice in Swedish: Pimpsten
pumice in Ukrainian: Пемза
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